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Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) Cards #1-11

These are things we do every day to care for ourselves, whether we are in our own home or other type of residence. There are six basic ADLs: eating, bathing, dressing, toileting (using the toilet), transferring (walking) and continence (having control over bladder and bowels).


Cognition (C) Cards #12-20

Cognition is a mental ability involved in gaining knowledge and understanding. It includes thinking, knowing, remembering, judging and problem-solving.


Home Care or Household Chores (HC) Cards #21-28

These are the activities associated with keeping a home neat and clean such as cleaning up after meals, doing laundry and removing trash.


Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) Cards #29-36

These are the activities performed by a person who is living independently during the course of a normal day. They include managing money, shopping, telephone use, travel in the community, preparing meals, and taking medications correctly.


Senses (S) Cards #37-41

The five senses are the way in which we notice things around us and include the sense of smell, taste, hearing, touch and sight.


Self-Care (SC) Cards #42-51

Self-care is personal health maintenance. It is any activity with the aim of improving or restoring health, or in treating or preventing disease.

Knowing what category of activity cannot be performed may be of use when determining eligibility for services or programs. For example, Long Term Care Insurance (LTCI) is often triggered when two Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) cannot be performed for a certain length of time.




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